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Bugatti

Automobiles Ettore Bugatti was a French car manufacturer of high-performance automobiles, founded in 1909 in the then German city of Molsheim, Alsace by Italian-born Ettore Bugatti. Bugatti cars were known for their design beauty (Ettore Bugatti was from a family of artists and considered himself to be both an artist and constructor) and for their many race victories. The death of Ettore Bugatti in 1947 proved to be the end for the marque, and the death of his son Jean Bugatti in 1939 ensured there was not a successor to lead the factory. No more than about 8000 cars were made. The company struggled financially, and released one last model in the 1950s, before eventually being purchased for its airplane parts business in the 1960s. In the 1990s, an Italian entrepreneur revived it as a builder of limited production exclusive sports cars. Today, the name is owned by German automobile manufacturing group Volkswagen.
Successor(s)
Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S.
Founded
1909
Founder(s)
Ettore Bugatti
Fate
Sold to Hispano-Suiza (1963)
Sold to Volkswagen Group (July, 1998)
Defunt
1963
Headquarters
Molsheim, Alsace, France
Key people
Ettore Bugatti
Jean Bugatti
Website
www.bugatti.com

Under Ettore Bugatti

Founder Ettore Bugatti was born in Milan, Italy, and the automobile company that bears his name was founded in 1909 in Molsheim located in the Alsace region which was part of the German Empire from 1871 to 1919. The company was known both for the level of detail of its engineering in its automobiles, and for the artistic way in which the designs were executed, given the artistic nature of Ettore's family (his father, Carlo Bugatti (1856–1940), was an important Art Nouveau furniture and jewelry designer). The company also enjoyed great success in early Grand Prix motor racing, winning the first ever Monaco Grand Prix. The company's success culminated with driver Jean-Pierre Wimille winning the 24 hours of Le Mans twice (in 1937 with Robert Benoist and 1939 with Pierre Veyron).
Famous Bugattis include the Type 35 Grand Prix cars, the Type 41 "Royale", the Type 57 "Atlantic" and the Type 55 sports car.
Bugatti cars were extremely successful in racing. The little Bugatti Type 10 swept the top four positions at its first race. The 1924 Bugatti Type 35 is probably the most successful racing car of all time, with over 2,000 wins. Bugattis swept to victory in the Targa Florio for five years straight from 1925 through 1929. Louis Chiron held the most podiums in Bugatti cars, and the modern marque revival Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. named the 1999 Bugatti 18/3 Chiron concept car in his honour. But it was the final racing success at Le Mans that is most remembered—Jean-Pierre Wimille and Pierre Veyron won the 1939 race with just one car and meagre resources.
In the 1930s, Ettore Bugatti got involved in the creation of a racer airplane, hoping to beat the Germans in the Deutsch de la Meurthe prize. This would be the Bugatti 100P, which never flew. It was designed by Belgian engineer Louis de Monge who had already applied Bugatti Brescia engines in his "Type 7.5" lifting body.
Ettore Bugatti also designed a successful motorised railcar, the Autorail (Autorail Bugatti).
The death of Ettore Bugatti's son, Jean Bugatti, on 11 August 1939 marked a turning point in the company's fortunes. Jean died while testing a Type 57 tank-bodied race car near the Molsheim factory.
World War II left the Molsheim factory in ruins and the company lost control of the property. During the war, Bugatti planned a new factory at Levallois, a northwestern suburbs of Paris. After the war, Bugatti designed and planned to build a series of new cars, including the Type 73 road car and Type 73C single seat racing car, but in all Bugatti built only five Type 73 cars.
A 375 cc supercharged car was stopped when Ettore Bugatti died on 21 August 1947. Following Ettore Bugatti's death, the business declined further and made its last appearance as a business in its own right at a Paris Motor Show in October 1952.
After a long decline, the original incarnation of Bugatti ceased operations in 1952.

Design

Bugattis noticeably focused on design. Engine blocks were hand scraped to ensure that the surfaces were so flat that gaskets were not required for sealing, many of the exposed surfaces of the engine compartment featured Guilloché (engine turned) finishes on them, and safety wires had been threaded through almost every fastener in intricately laced patterns. Rather than bolt the springs to the axles as most manufacturers did, Bugatti's axles were forged such that the spring passed though a carefully sized opening in the axle, a much more elegant solution requiring fewer parts. He famously described his arch competitor Bentley's cars as "the world's fastest lorries" for focusing on durability. According to Bugatti, "weight was the enemy".

Most important models built

Prototypes
Racing Cars
Road Cars
  • 1900–1901 Type 2
  • 1903 Type 5
  • 1908 Type 10 «Petit Pur Sang»
  • 1925 Type 36
  • 1929–1930 Type 45/47
  • Type 56 (electric car)
  • 1939 Type 64 (coupe)
  • 1943/1947 Type 73C

  • 1910–1914 Type 13/Type 15/17/22
  • 1912 Type 16 «Bébé»
  • 1922–1926 Type 29 «Cigare»
  • 1923 Type 32 «Tank»
  • 1924–1930 Type 35/35A/35B/35T/35C/37/39 «Grand Prix»
  • 1927–1930 Type 52 (electric racer for children)
  • 1936–1939 Type 57G "Tank"
  • 1937–1939 Type 50B
  • 1931–1936 Type 53
  • 1931–1936 Type 51/51A/54GP/59
  • 1955–1956 Type 251

  • 1910 Type 13
  • 1912–1914 Type 18
  • 1913–1914 Type 23/Brescia Tourer (roadster)
  • 1922–1934 Type 30/38/40/43/44/49 (touring car)
  • 1927–1933 Type 41 «Royale»
  • 1929–1939 Type 46/50/50T (touring car)
  • 1932–1935 Type 55 (roadster)
  • 1934–1940 Type 57/57S/Type 57SC (touring car)
  • 1951–1956 Type 101 (coupe)
  • 1957–1962 Type 252 (2-seater sports convertible)

List of Bugatti car models

Category
Models
Road cars
Type 13, Type18, Type 23/Brescia Tourer, Type 30/38/40/43/44/49, Type 41, Type 46/50/50T, Type 55, Type 57/57S/Type 57SC, Type 101, Type 252
Racing cars
Type 13/Type 15/17/22, Type 16, Type 29, Type 32, Type 35/35A/35B/35T/35C/37/39, Type 52, Type 57G, Type 50B, Type 53, Type 51/51A/54GP/59, Type 251
Prototypes
Type 2, Type 5, Type 10, Type 36, Type 45/47, Type 56 (electric car), Type 64 (coupé), Type 73C

Gallery


1913 Bugatti 22, 3 seat Vinet
1938 Type 57SC Atlantic from the Ralph Lauren collection
1933 Type 59 Grand Prix racer from the Ralph Lauren collection

Results in races

YearRaceDriverCar
1921Voiturettes Grand PrixErnest Friderich
1925Targa FlorioBartolomeo CostantiniType 35
1926French Grand PrixJules GouxType 39 A
Italian Grand PrixLouis Charavel
Spanish Grand PrixBartolomeo Costantini
Targa FlorioBartolomeo CostantiniType 35 T
1927Targa FlorioEmilio MaterassiType 35 C
1928French Grand PrixWilliam Grover-WilliamsType 35 C
Italian Grand PrixLouis Chiron
Spanish Grand PrixLouis Chiron
Targa FlorioAlbert DivoType 35 B
1929French Grand PrixWilliam Grover-WilliamsType 35 B
German Grand PrixLouis Chiron
Spanish Grand PrixLouis Chiron
Monaco Grand PrixWilliam Grover-Williams
Targa FlorioAlbert DivoType 35 C
1930Belgian Grand PrixLouis Chiron
Czechoslovakian Grand PrixHeinrich-Joachim von Morgen and Hermann zu Leiningen
French Grand PrixPhilippe ÉtancelinType 35 C
Monaco Grand PrixRené Dreyfus
1931Belgian Grand PrixWilliam Grover-Williams and Caberto Conelli
Czechoslovakian Grand PrixLouis Chiron
French Grand PrixLouis Chiron and Achille VarziType 51
Monaco Grand PrixLouis Chiron
1932Czechoslovakian Grand PrixLouis Chiron
1933Czechoslovakian Grand PrixLouis Chiron
Monaco Grand PrixAchille Varzi
1934Belgian Grand PrixRené Dreyfus
1936French Grand PrixJean-Pierre Wimille and Raymond SommerType 57 G
193724 hours of Le MansJean-Pierre Wimille and Robert BenoistType 57 G
193924 hours of Le MansJean-Pierre Wimille and Pierre VeyronType 57 C
1956 Formula One
YearChassisEngine(s)TiresDrivers12345678PointsWCC
1956Bugatti Type 251Bugatti Straight-8DARGMON500BELFRAGBRGERITA0*-*
Maurice TrintignantRet
* The World Constructors' Championship was not awarded before 1958.
Legend:
ARG - Argentine Grand Prix
MON - Monaco Grand Prix
500 - Indianapolis 500
BEL - Belgian Grand Prix
FRA - French Grand Prix
GBR - British Grand Prix
GER - German Grand Prix
ITA - Italian Grand Prix

Notable finds in the modern era

Relatives of Dr. Harold Carr found a rare 1937 Bugatti Type 57S Atalante when cataloguing the doctor's belongings after his death in 2009. Dr. Carr's Type 57S is notable because it was originally owned by British race car driver Earl Howe. Because much of the car's original equipment is intact, it can be restored without relying on replacement parts.
On 10 July 2009, a 1925 Bugatti Brescia Type 22 which had lain at the bottom of Lake Maggiore on the border of Switzerland and Italy for 75 years was recovered from the lake. The Mullin Museum in Oxnard, California bought it at auction for $351,343 at Bonham's Retromobile sale in Paris in 2010.

Attempts at revival

The company attempted a comeback under Roland Bugatti in the mid-1950s with the mid-engined Type 251 race car. Designed with help from Gioacchino Colombo, the car failed to perform to expectations and the company's attempts at automobile production were halted.
In the 1960s, Virgil Exner designed a Bugatti as part of his "Revival Cars" project. A show version of this car was actually built by Ghia using the last Bugatti Type 101 chassis, and was shown at the 1965 Turin Motor Show. Finance was not forthcoming, and Exner then turned his attention to a revival of Stutz.
Bugatti continued manufacturing airplane parts and was sold to Hispano-Suiza, also a former auto maker turned aircraft supplier, in 1963. Snecma took over Hispano-Suiza in 1968. After acquiring Messier, Snecma merged Messier and Bugatti into Messier-Bugatti in 1977.

Modern revivals

Bugatti Automobili SpA 1987–1995

Bugatti EB110 (1996)
Italian entrepreneur Romano Artioli acquired the Bugatti brand in 1987, and established Bugatti Automobili SpA. Bugatti commissioned architect Giampaolo Benedini to design the factory which was built in Campogalliano, Italy.
By 1989 the plans for the new Bugatti revival were presented by Paolo Stanzani and Marcello Gandini, designers of the Lamborghini Miura and Lamborghini Countach. Bugatti called their first production vehicle the Bugatti EB110 GT. Bugatti advertised the EB110 as the most technically advanced sports car ever produced.
Famed racing car designer Mauro Forghieri served as Bugatti's technical director from 1992 through 1994.
On 27 August 1993, through his holding company, ACBN Holdings S.A. of Luxembourg, Romano Artioli purchased Lotus Cars from General Motors. Bugatti made plans to list the company's shares on international stock exchanges.
Bugatti presented a prototype large saloon called the EB112 in 1993.
Perhaps the most famous Bugatti EB110 owner was seven-time Formula One World Champion racing driver Michael Schumacher who purchased an EB110 in 1994. Schumacher sold his EB110, which had been repaired after a severe 1994 crash, to Modena Motorsport, a Ferrari service and race preparation garage in Germany.
By the time the EB110 came to market, the North American and European economies were in recession. Poor economic conditions forced the company to fail and operations ceased in September 1995. A model specific to the US market called the "Bugatti America" was in the preparatory stages when the company ceased operations.
Bugatti's liquidators sold Lotus Cars to Proton of Malaysia. German firm Dauer Racing purchased the EB110 licence and remaining parts stock in 1997 in order to produce five more EB110 SS vehicles. These five SS versions of the EB110 were greatly refined by Dauer. The Campogalliano factory was sold to a furniture-making company, which subsequently collapsed before moving in, leaving the building unoccupied. After Dauer stopped producing cars in 2011, Toscana-Motors GmbH of Germany purchased the remaining parts stock from Dauer.

Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. 1998–present

Bugatti Veyron 16.4
More details about Bugatti Automobiles.
Volkswagen AG acquired the Bugatti brand in 1998.
Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. commissioned Giorgetto Giugiaro of ItalDesign to produce Bugatti's first concept vehicle, the EB118, a coupé that debuted at the 1998 Paris Auto Show. The EB118 concept featured a 408-kilowatt (555 PS; 547 bhp), W-18 engine. After its Paris debut, the EB118 concept was shown again in 1999 at the Geneva Auto Show and the Tokyo Motor Show.
Bugatti introduced its next concepts, the EB 218 at the 1999 Geneva Motor Show and the 18/3 Chiron at the 1999 Frankfurt Motor Show (IAA).
Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. began assembling its first regular-production vehicle, the Bugatti Veyron 16.4 (the 1001 BHP super car with an 8-litre W-16 engine with four turbochargers) in September 2005 at the Bugatti Molsheim, France assembly "studio".
Last updated on 23 November 2013 at 23:55.

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