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BMW 3 Series (E36)

The BMW E36 is the third generation of the 3 Series compact executive cars produced by BMW. Development began in 1983, with final design being approved in 1988. It was introduced in late 1990 (as a 1991 model) for Europe and in April 1991 (as a 1992 model) for US and Canada. It was the successor to the E30 3 Series and was eventually replaced by the E46 3 Series in 1998, though E36 coupes were still produced for the 1999 model year. The E36 experienced enormous success in the market. It laid strong foundations for the success that the BMW E46 enjoyed in subsequent years.
Also known as the "dolphin shape", the E36 was sold from 1991 through 1999. All E36 saloons, coupes, and estates employed the "Z-axle"multilink suspension in the rear which had been proven in the Z1. The hatchback body style, known as the E36/5 or BMW Compact. In order to save space due to its truncated rear end, the Compact used a rear semi-trailing arm suspension based on the older E30 (also found in theZ3 and M Coupe), instead of the Z-Axle Multilink employed in all other E36's.
In the United States, the four-door E36 were on sale by April 1991, while the E30 coupes were retained until well into 1992 when they were replaced by E36 coupes. The E36 convertible was delayed until 1993.
The hatchback body style, known as the BMW Compact, was introduced in 1995 starting with the 318ti, being very popular in Europe but largely unsuccessful in North America. The "Touring" estate was sold in Europe from 1995, but was not available in the United States.
DOHC engines were used across the range (except in entry level models, see table below), with VANOS variable valve timing introduced in 1993. The 2.5 L M50B25 used in the 325i models was replaced in 1996 with the 2.8 L M52B28, creating the 328 line. Another 2.5 L I6 engine, the M52B25, was reintroduced for 1998 but badged as the 323i rather than 325i. The E36 was the first vehicle to offer a 5-speed automatic transmission, 5HP18 made by ZF.
Manufacturer
BMW
Production
1990 – 2000
Model years
1991 – 1998 Europe
1992-1998 US & Canada
Assembly
Munich, Germany
Toluca, Mexico (BMW de México)
Cairo, Egypt (Modern Motors)
Greer, South Carolina, United States (BMW US Mfg. Comp.)
Predecessor
Successor
Class
Compact executive car
Body style
2-door coupé
2-door cabriolet
4-door sedan
5-door wagon
3-door hatchback
Layout
FR layout
Engine
Petrol Engines:
1.6L I4
1.8L I4
1.8L I4 16 valve
1.9L I4 16 valve
2.0L I6 24 valve
2.5L I6 24 valve
2.8L I6 24 valve
3.0L I6 24 valve
3.2L I6 24 valve
Diesel Engines:
1.7L I4 Turbodiesel
2.5L I6 Turbodiesel
Transmission
5-speed manual
6-speed manual
4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
Wheelbase
2,700 mm (106.3 in)
Length
Sedan & 1996-98 Coupé: 4,432 mm (174.5 in)
Coupé & Cabriolet: 4,432 mm (174.5 in)
Compact: 4,209 mm (165.7 in)
Width
1992-95 Sedan: 1,697 mm (66.8 in)
Coupé & 1996-98 sedan: 1,699 mm (66.9 in)
Cabriolet: 1,709 mm (67.3 in)
Compact: 1,699 mm (66.9 in)
Height
sedan: 1,392 mm (54.8 in)
Coupé: 1,367 mm (53.8 in)
Convertible: 53.1 in (1,349 mm)
Compact: 54.8 in (1,392 mm)
Related
Designer(s)
Pinky Lai, Boyke Boyer, Joji Nagashima (1988)

International models

Each model is followed by its particular engine code.

Sedans

Name
Volume
Engine
Valvetrain
Fuel
Output
Torque
Engine code
0–100 km/h(s)
Top speed
Years
316i
1,596 cc (1.596 L; 97.4 cu in)
4cyl
SOHC 8V
Gasoline
100 PS (74 kW; 99 hp) @5500 rpm
102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp) @5500 rpm
141 Nm (104 lbft) @4250 rpm
150 Nm (110 lbft) @3900 rpm
M40B16
M43B16
13.1
12.7
191 km/h (119 mph)
195 km/h (121 mph)
1990–1993
1994–1998
318i
1,796 cc (1.796 L; 109.6 cu in)
4cyl
SOHC 8V
Gasoline
113 PS (83 kW; 111 hp) @5500 rpm
115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) @5500 rpm
162 Nm (119 lbft) @4250 rpm
168 Nm (124 lbft) @3900 rpm
M40B18
M43B18
11.5
11.3
198 km/h (123 mph)
201 km/h (125 mph)
1990–1993
1993–1998
318is
1,796 cc (1.796 L; 109.6 cu in)
1,895 cc (1.895 L; 115.6 cu in)
4cyl
DOHC 16V
Gasoline
140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) @6000 rpm
175 Nm (129 lbft) @4500 rpm
180 Nm (130 lbft) @4300 rpm
M42B18
M44B19
10.2
213 km/h (132 mph)
1992–1995
1995–1998
320i
1,991 cc (1.991 L; 121.5 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Gasoline
150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @5900 rpm
190 Nm (140 lbft) @4700 rpm
190 Nm (140 lbft) @4200 rpm
M50B20
M52B20
9.2
9.1
218 km/h (135 mph)
1991–1994
1994–1998
323i
2,494 cc (2.494 L; 152.2 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Gasoline
170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @5500 rpm
245 Nm (181 lbft) @3950 rpm
M52B25
8.0
231 km/h (144 mph)
1995–1998
325i
2,494 cc (2.494 L; 152.2 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Gasoline
192 PS (141 kW; 189 hp) @5900 rpm
245 Nm (181 lbft) @4700 rpm
245 Nm (181 lbft) @4200 rpm
M50B25
M50B25
8.0
7.5
233 km/h (145 mph)
1991–1993
1993–1995
328i
2,793 cc (2.793 L; 170.4 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Gasoline
193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp) @5300 rpm
280 Nm (210 lbft) @3950 rpm
M52B28
7.3
240 km/h (150 mph)
1995–1998
M3
2,990 cc (2.99 L; 182 cu in)
3,201 cc (3.201 L; 195.3 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC s24V
Gasoline
290 PS (213 kW; 286 hp) @7000 rpm
321 PS (236 kW; 317 hp) @7400 rpm
320 Nm (240 lbft) @3600 rpm
350 Nm (260 lbft) @3250 rpm
S50B30
S50B32
5.4
5.2
250 km/h (160 mph)
1992–1995
1995–1998
318tds
1,665 cc (1.665 L; 101.6 cu in)
4cyl
SOHC 8V
Diesel
90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @4400 rpm
190 Nm (140 lbft) @2000 rpm
M41D17
14.4
182 km/h (113 mph)
1994–1998
325td
2,498 cc (2.498 L; 152.4 cu in)
6cyl
SOHC 12V
Diesel
115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) @4800 rpm
222 Nm (164 lbft) @1900 rpm
230 Nm (170 lbft) @1900 rpm
M51D25
M51D25
12.0
198 km/h (123 mph)
1991–1996
1996–1998
325tds
2,498 cc (2.498 L; 152.4 cu in)
6cyl
SOHC 12V
Diesel
143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp) @4800 rpm
143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp) @4600 rpm
260 Nm (190 lbft) @2200 rpm
280 Nm (210 lbft) @2200 rpm
M51D25
M51D25
10.4
214 km/h (133 mph)
1993–1996
1996–1998

Coupés

Name
Volume
Engine
Valvetrain
Fuel
Output
Torque
Engine code
0–100 km/h (s)
Top speed
Years
316i
1,596 cc (1.596 L; 97.4 cu in)
4cyl
SOHC 8V
Petrol
102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp) @5500 rpm
150 Nm (110 lbft) @3900 rpm
M43B16
12.7
201 km/h (125 mph)
1993–1998
318is
1,796 cc (1.796 L; 109.6 cu in)
1,895 cc (1.895 L; 115.6 cu in)
4cyl
DOHC 16V
Petrol
140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) @6000 rpm
175 Nm (129 lbft) @4500 rpm
180 Nm (130 lbft) @4300 rpm
M42B18
M44B19
10.1
213 km/h (132 mph)
1992–1996
1996–1999
320i
1,991 cc (1.991 L; 121.5 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Petrol
150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @5900 rpm
190 Nm (140 lbft) @4700 rpm
M50B20
M52B20
9.9
9.8
218 km/h (135 mph)
1992–1993
1993–1999
323i
2,494 cc (2.494 L; 152.2 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Petrol
170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @5500 rpm
245 Nm (181 lbft) @3950 rpm
M52B25
7.9
227 km/h (141 mph)
1995–1999
325i
2,494 cc (2.494 L; 152.2 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Petrol
192 PS (141 kW; 189 hp) @5900 rpm
245 Nm (181 lbft) @4200 rpm
M50B25
7.5
233 km/h (145 mph)
1992–1995
328i
2,793 cc (2.793 L; 170.4 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Petrol
193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp) @5300 rpm
280 Nm (210 lbft) @3950 rpm
M52B28
7.3 manual,7.8 auto
236 km/h (147 mph)
1995–1999
M3
2,990 cc (2.99 L; 182 cu in)
3,201 cc (3.201 L; 195.3 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Petrol
290 PS (213 kW; 286 hp) @7000 rpm
321 PS (236 kW; 317 hp) @7400 rpm
323 Nm (238 lbft) @3900 rpm
350 Nm (260 lbft) @3250 rpm
S50B30
S50B32
5.4
250 km/h (160 mph)
1993–1995
1995–1999

Convertibles (Cabriolets)

Name
Volume
Engine
Valvetrain
Fuel
Output
Torque
Engine code
0–100 km/h (s)
Top speed
Years
318i
1,796 cc (1.796 L; 109.6 cu in)
4cyl
SOHC 8V
Petrol
115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) @5500 rpm
168 Nm (124 lbft) @3900 rpm
M43B18
11.5
194 km/h (121 mph)
1994–1998
320i
1,991 cc (1.991 L; 121.5 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Petrol
150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @5900 rpm
190 Nm (140 lbft) @4700 rpm
M50B20
10.6
211 km/h (131 mph)
1993–1996
323i
1,991 cc (1.991 L; 121.5 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Petrol
170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @5900 rpm
190 Nm (140 lbft) @4200 rpm
M52B20
9.6
211 km/h (131 mph)
1994–1998
325i
2,494 cc (2.494 L; 152.2 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Petrol
192 PS (141 kW; 189 hp) @5900 rpm
245 Nm (181 lbft) @4200 rpm
M50B25
8.6
229 km/h (142 mph)
1993–1995
328i
2,793 cc (2.793 L; 170.4 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Petrol
193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp) @5300 rpm
280 Nm (210 lbft) @3950 rpm
M52B28
7.7
230 km/h (140 mph)
1995–1999
M3
3,201 cc (3.201 L; 195.3 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Petrol
321 PS (236 kW; 317 hp) @7400 rpm
350 Nm (260 lbft) @3250 rpm
S50B32
5.6
250 km/h (160 mph)
1996–1999

Touring (Wagons)

Name
Volume
Engine
Valvetrain
Fuel
Output
Torque
Engine code
0–100 km/h (s)
Top speed
Years
316i
1,596 cc (1.596 L; 97.4 cu in)
4cyl
SOHC 8V
Petrol
102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp) @5500 rpm
150 Nm (110 lbft) @3900 rpm
M43B16
13.2
191 km/h (119 mph)
1997–1999
318i
1,796 cc (1.796 L; 109.6 cu in)
4cyl
SOHC 8V
Petrol
115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) @5500 rpm
168 Nm (124 lbft) @3900 rpm
M43B18
11.7
197 km/h (122 mph)
1995–1999
320i
1,991 cc (1.991 L; 121.5 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Petrol
150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp) @5900 rpm
190 Nm (140 lbft) @4200 rpm
M52B20
10.2
212 km/h (132 mph)
1995–1999
323i
2,494 cc (2.494 L; 152.2 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Petrol
170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @5500 rpm
245 Nm (181 lbft) @3950 rpm
M52B25
8.3
223 km/h (139 mph)
1996–1999
328i
2,793 cc (2.793 L; 170.4 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Petrol
193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp) @5300 rpm
280 Nm (210 lbft) @3950 rpm
M52B28
7.0
230 km/h (140 mph)
1995–1999
318tds
1,665 cc (1.665 L; 101.6 cu in)
4cyl
SOHC 8V
Diesel
90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @4400 rpm
190 Nm (140 lbft) @2000 rpm
M41D17
14.5
179 km/h (111 mph)
1995–1999
325tds
2,498 cc (2.498 L; 152.4 cu in)
6cyl
SOHC 12V
Diesel
143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp) @4800 rpm
260 Nm (190 lbft) @2200 rpm
M51D25
10.5
206 km/h (128 mph)
1995–1996
325tds
2,498 cc (2.498 L; 152.4 cu in)
6cyl
SOHC 12V
Diesel
143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp) @4600 rpm
280 Nm (210 lbft) @2200 rpm
M51D25
10.5
206 km/h (128 mph)
1996–1999

Compact

Main article: BMW Compact
Name
Volume
Engine
Valvetrain
Fuel
Output
Torque
Engine code
0–100 km/h (s)
Top speed
Years
316i
1,596 cc (1.596 L; 97.4 cu in)
4cyl
SOHC 8V
Petrol
102 PS (75 kW; 101 hp) @5500 rpm
150 Nm (110 lbft) @3900 rpm
M43B16
12.3
188 km/h (117 mph)
1994–1999
316i
1,895 cc (1.895 L; 115.6 cu in)
4cyl
SOHC 8V
Petrol
105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) @5300 rpm
165 Nm (122 lbft) @2500 rpm
M43B19
11.9
190 km/h (120 mph)
1999–2000
318ti
1,796 cc (1.796 L; 109.6 cu in)
4cyl
DOHC 16V
Petrol
140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) @6000 rpm
175 Nm (129 lbft) @4500 rpm
M42B18
9.9
209 km/h (130 mph)
1994–1995
318ti
1,895 cc (1.895 L; 115.6 cu in)
4cyl
DOHC 16V
Petrol
140 PS (103 kW; 138 hp) @6000 rpm
180 Nm (130 lbft) @4300 rpm
M44B19
9.9
209 km/h (130 mph)
1995–1998
323ti
2,494 cc (2.494 L; 152.2 cu in)
6cyl
DOHC 24V
Petrol
170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @5500 rpm
245 Nm (181 lbft) @3950 rpm
M52B25
7.8
230 km/h (140 mph)
1997–2000
318tds
1,665 cc (1.665 L; 101.6 cu in)
4cyl
SOHC 8V
Diesel
90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @4400 rpm
190 Nm (140 lbft) @2000 rpm
M41D17
13.9
175 km/h (109 mph)
1995–2000

Thailand

The BMW E36 3-series was imported as a full CBU (Complete Built Up) car. Popular models included the 316i "Compact" 3-door and 318i saloon. During that time, BMW advertised that the full BMW lineup was available with ABS brakes and driver side airbags. Between 1995 and 1999, the Thai market lineup included an exclusive 2.4L version of the M52 engine with 184 hp (135 Kw).

US/Canada models


    • 318i, 318is, 318ic (1992–1995) M42B18
    • 318ti (1994–1996) M42B18
    • 318i, 318ti (1996–1998) M44B19
    • 320i (1993-1995) M50TUB20 (Canada only)
    • 323i (1996–1998) M52B25
    • 323is, 323ic (1996–1999) M52B25
    • 325i, 325is, 325ic (1992) M50B25
    • 325i, 325is, 325ic (1993–1995) M50TUB25
    • 328i (1996–1998) M52B28
    • 328is, 328ic (1996–1999) M52B28
    • M3 (1995-1999 coupe, 1997-1998 sedan, 1998-1999 convertible) S50B30US (1995) and S52B32 (1996–1999)

    Other platform applications

    316 Coupe 1.6 L engine
    BMW made an entry level version of the E36 called the BMW Compact, a three-door hatchback. This platform is often referred to as the E36/5. In theUnited States/Canada market the car was sold as the 318ti and was equipped with a 1.8L I4, 139 bhp (104 kW; 141 PS) M42B18 engine and was priced at USD23,000 in 1995. In 1996 the 1.8 liter engine was replaced with 1.9L M44B19 putting out 142 bhp (106 kW; 144 PS) and 133 ft·lbf (180 N·m) of torque. Ostensibly due to slow US sales of the E36/5 Compact, the E46 Compact was not sold in the United States.
    A modified version of the E36 platform designated as E36/7 was used for the BMW Z3 roadster in 1996-2002. The modification for the BMW Z3 Coupe was designated as E36/8.
    Even though the BMW factory was producing its own E36 convertibles, the Baur "Top Cabriolet" conversion was still available, possibly out of respect for the long association of the two firms.

    Motorsports

    The 1998 24 Hours Nürburgring was won by a diesel for the first time - a BMW E36 320d, aided by its diesel engine requiring fewer fuel stops than rivals.

    Success

    Sales figures for 3 Series coupes, saloons, and convertibles were at all time highs in North America and Europe.

  • 1991–1996 BMW 318i saloon (Australia)
  •  
  • 1996–1998 BMW 323i saloon (Australia)
  •  
  • BMW E36 Wagon
  •  
  • BMW 3-Series convertible E36 (US)
  •  
  • 1995–1996 BMW 328i convertible (Australia)
  •  
  • 1996 BMW M3 coupé
  •  
  • BMW M3 saloon
  •  
  • E36 3-Series sedan (US)
  •  
  • Baur Convertible
  •  
  • 318ti Compact
  •  
  • 1999 E36 328iS coupé
  • Gallery

    BMW 3-Series E36 Coupé front view
    BMW 3-Series E36 Coupé rear view
    BMW 3-Series E36 Cabriolet front view
    BMW 3-Series E36 Cabriolet rear view
    BMW 3-Series E36 Wagon front view
    BMW 3-Series E36 Wagon rear view
    BMW 3-Series E36 Hatchback front view
    BMW 3-Series E36 Hatchback rear view
    Back to BMW 3 Series
    Back to BMW
    Last updated on 26 August 2013 at 15:16.

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