Translate

BMW E9

"BMW CSL" redirects here. For BMW M3 CSL, see BMW M3#M3 CSL.


The BMW New Six CS (internal name BMW E9) was a two-door coupé built for BMW by Karmann from 1968 to 1975. It was developed from the New Class-based BMW 2000CS coupé, which was enlarged to hold the BMW M30 straight-6 engine used in the E3 sedan.
The E9 platform, especially the 3.0CSL homologation special, was very successful in racing, especially in European Touring Car Championship and the Deutsche Rennsport Meisterschaft. This helped to establish BMW's status as a sporty driver's car.
Manufacturer
BMW (coachbuilt by Karmann)
Also called
New Six Coupé
Production
1968 – 1975
Predecessor
Successor
Class
Grand tourer
Layout
FR layout
Body style
Coupé
Engine
Straight-six SOHC engine
2.5 L twin carb (2.5CS)
2.8 L twin carb (2800CS)
3.0 L twin carb (3.0CS, early 3.0CSL)
3.0 L fuel injection (3.0CSi, later 3.0CSL)
3.2 L fuel injection (3.0CSL, final version)
Transmission
4 speed manual, 3 speed automatic
Wheelbase
2,624 mm (103.3 in)
Length
4,658 mm (183 in)
Vehicle
BMW 2800CS
BMW 3.0CS, BMW 3.0CSi
BMW 3.0CSL
BMW 2.5CS
Related
2000C, 2000CS, E3 platform

Origin: 2000C and 2000CS

Main article: BMW New Class Coupé
The BMW 2000C and 2000CS were introduced In 1965. Based on the New Class, the 2000C and CS were Karmann-built coupés featuring the then-new two litre version of the M10 engine. The 2000C had a single carburettor engine that produced 100 horsepower (75 kW), and was available with either manual or automatic transmission, while the 2000CS had a two carburettor engine that produced 120 horsepower (89 kW) and was available only with a manual transmission.

2800CS

1971 BMW 2800 CS front view

1971 BMW 2800 CS rear view

The first of the E9 coupés, the 2800CS, replaced the 2000C and 2000CS in 1968. The wheelbase and length were increased to allow the engine bay to be long enough to accommodate the new straight-six engine code-named M30, and the front of the car was restyled to resemble the E3 sedan. The 2800CS used the 2,788 cc (170.1 cu in) version of the engine used in the E3 sedans. The engine produced 170 horsepower (130 kW) at 6000 revolutions per minute.

3.0CS and variants

BMW 3.0CS Interior with Alpina elements
The 2800CS was replaced by the 3.0CS and 3.0CSi in 1971. The engine had been bored out to give a displacement of 2,986 cc (182.2 cu in), and was offered with a 9.0:1 compression ratio, twin carburettors, and 180 horsepower (130 kW) at 6000 revolutions per minute in the 3.0CS or a 9.5:1 compression ratio, Bosch D-Jetronic fuel injection, and 200 horsepower (150 kW) at 5500 revolutions per minute in the 3.0CSi.

3.0CSL

1973 BMW 3.0CSL
Introduced in May 1972, the 3.0CSL was a homologation special built to make the car eligible for racing in the European Touring Car Championship. The "L" in the designation meant "leicht" (light), unlike in other BMW designations, where it meant "lang" (long). The lightness was achieved by using thinner steel to build the unit body, deleting the trim and soundproofing, using aluminium alloy doors, bonnets, and boot lids, and using Perspex side windows. The five hundred 3.0CSLs exported to the United Kingdom were not quite as light as the others, as the importer had insisted on retaining the soundproofing, electric windows, and stock E9 bumpers on these cars.
Initially using the same engine as the 3.0CS, the 3.0CSL was given a very small increase in displacement to 3,003 cc (183.3 cu in) by increasing the engine bore by one quarter of a millimetre. This was done in August 1972 to allow the CSL to be raced in the "over three litre" racing category, allowing for some increase in displacement in the racing cars. In 1973, the engine in the 3.0CSL was given another, more subtantial increase in displacement to 3,153 cc (192.4 cu in) by increasing the stroke to 84 mm (3.3 in). This final version of the 3.0CSL was homologated in July 1973 along with an aerodynamic package including a large air dam, short fins running along the front fenders, a spoiler above and behind the trailing edge of the roof, and a tall rear wing. The rear wings were not installed at the factory, but were left in the boot for installation after purchase. This was done because the wings were illegal for use on German roads. The full aero package earned the racing CSLs the nickname "Batmobile".
Chris Amon, Winner of 6 Hours Race 1973
at Nürburgring with BMW 3.0 CSL
In 1973, Toine Hezemans won the European Touring Car Championship in a 3.0CSL and co-drove a 3.0CSL with Dieter Quester to a class victory at Le Mans. Hezemans and Quester had driven to second place at the 1973 German Touring Car Grand Prix at Nürburgring, being beaten only by Chris Amonand Hans-Joachim Stuck in another 3.0CSL. 3.0 CSLs would win the European Touring Car Championship again in every year from 1975 to 1979.
The 3.0CSL was raced in the IMSA GT Championship in 1975, with Sam Posey, Brian Redman, and Ronnie Peterson winning races during the season.
The first two BMW Art Cars were 3.0CSLs; the first was painted by Alexander Calder and the second by Frank Stella.
BMW 3.0CSL Art Cars
First BMW Art Car, a 3.0CSL painted by Alexander Calder
Second BMW Art Car, a 3.0CSL painted by Frank Stella

2.5CS

The last version of the E9 to be introduced was the 2.5CS in 1974. This was a response to the 1973 oil crisis, such that the buyer could choose the smaller, more economical engine. The engine, from the 2500 sedan, displaced 2,494 cc (152.2 cu in) and produced 150 horsepower (110 kW) at 6000 revolutions per minute. Only 874 were made until the end of E9 production in 1975, and none were exported to the United States.

Production Numbers

Production Numbers for BMW E9 by model and year
Model/Year
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
Total
2800 CS
138
2534
3335
276
6283
2800 CSA
787
1089
73
1949
3.0 CS
1974
1172
779
267
263
4455
3.0 CSA
520
1215
1169
355
408
3667
3.0 CSi
1061
2999
2741
579
555
7935
3.0 CSiA
2
2
3.0 CSi RHD
66
128
13
207
3.0 CSiA RHD
69
139
7
215
3.0 CSL
169
252
287
40
17
765
3.0 CSL RHD
349
151
500
2.5 CS
272
328
600
2.5 CSA
101
143
244
2800 CS USA
43
415
183
641
2800 CSA USA
36
403
87
526
3.0 CS USA
132
411
450
375
1368
3.0 CSA USA
60
377
314
438
1189
Total E9 Production
138
3400
5242
4535
6777
6026
2694
1734
30,546

Back to BMW
Last updated on 16 August 2013 at 02:57.

0 comments:

Ebay Deals

Ebay.com
Ebay.co.uk
Ebay.de
Ebay.com.au
Ebay.it
Ebay.ca
Ebay.fr
Back to Top