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BMW 5 Series

This article is about BMW executive saloons built since 1972. For the BMW luxury cars built in the 1950s, see BMW 501.
The BMW 5-Series is an executive car manufactured by German automaker BMW since 1972. The car, now in its sixth generation, is sold in sedan and touring body styles. It is BMW's second best-selling model after the 3-Series and in 2010 produced about 50% of the BMW's profits.
On January 29, 2008, the 5 millionth 5-Series was manufactured, a 530d Saloon in Carbon Black Metallic.
Manufacturer
BMW
Production
1972 – present
Predecessor
BMW New Class
Class
Mid-size/Executive car
Body style
Sedan
Station wagon (“touring”)

History

The pre-facelift 5-Series (left, right) in comparison to the E65 pre-facelift BMW 7 Series Sedan (middle)
The 5-Series got its name by being the fifth of the "new series" cars after the V-8 and Isetta era and was the replacement for the older four-door New Class sedans. The current BMW naming convention was introduced with the E12 5-Series.

E12 (1972–1981

BMW 5 Series E12
Manufacturer
BMW
Production
1972 – 1984
699,094 built
Assembly
Dingolfing, West Germany
Rosslyn, South Africa
Toluca, Mexico
Chennai, India
Cairo, Egypt
Shenyang, China
Jakarta, Indonesia
Kaliningrad, Russian SFSR
6th of October City, Egypt
Manaus, Brazil
Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
Predecessor
Successor
Layout
FR layout
Engine
four-cylinder petrol
six-cylinder petrol
Transmission
4-speed manual
5-speed manual
Wheelbase
2,600 mm (104 in)
Length
4,600 mm (182 in)
Width
1,690 mm (66.5 in)
Main article: BMW E12
The E12 5-series was produced from 1972-1981 (produced until 1984 in South Africa). The E12 is the first series to bear the 5-Series name: the '5' denoting BMW's fifth 'New Class' platform. Designed as a replacement for the BMW New Class mid-size sedan, the E12 5-Series models were smaller than the large BMW E3 sedan but larger than the two-door 2002 models.
The first generation's body was styled by Paul Bracq and Pietro Frua, based on the Bertone 1970 BMW Garmisch 2002ti Geneva show car. The E12 was available only in the sedan body style with a manual transmission. There was an automatic transmission available for US and Japan-only versions.
While there was no E12 M5 produced, the E12 M535i is seen as the predecessor to the M5.

E28 (1981–1988)

BMW 524td E28
Manufacturer
BMW
Production
1981–1988
722,328 built
Predecessor
Successor
Engine
four-cylinder petrol
six-cylinder petrol
six-cylinder diesel
Wheelbase
2,628 mm (103.5 in)
Length
4,620 mm (182 in)
Width
1,700 mm (67 in)
Main article: BMW E28
BMW E28 is the second-generation BMW 5-Series, produced from 1981-1988. Styling changes to this model included revised headlights, thicker rubber bumper surrounds and large rectangular taillights. Mechanical changes included the addition of a six-cylinder diesel engine (in both naturally aspirated and turbocharged forms) and an automatic transmission.
The M5 model line began with the E28 M5, which uses the S38 six-cylinder engine. At its launch in 1984, the European specification E28 M5 was the fastest production sedan in the world.

E34 (1988–1996)

1988 BMW 5 Series E34
Manufacturer
BMW
Production
1988–1996
1,333,412 built
Assembly
Dingolfing, Germany
Toluca, Mexico
Body style
sedan
station wagon
Layout
FR layout
all-wheel drive
Engine
four-cylinder petrol
six-cylinder petrol
V8 petrol
six-cylinder diesel
Wheelbase
2,761 mm (108.7 in)
Length
4,720 mm (185.8 in)
Width
1,751 mm (68.9 in)
Designer (s)
Claus Luthe; Ercole Spada (1982, 1985)
Main article: BMW E34
The BMW E34 is the third-generation 5-Series, produced from 1988-1996. It had a stiffer body and was more streamlined than its predecessor. The E34 was among the most reliable luxury cars on the market, earning the best-in-class ratings from Intellichoice in 1991, and still considered one of the most reliable BMWs ever made. It was also one of the safest cars on the road during its production, providing airbags, 4-wheel anti-lock brakes, and a very rigid body structure to protect occupants in the event of an accident. It was also equipped with automatic stability control (ASC) or traction control (ASC+T) in later years on higher-specification variants.
Mechanical changes over its predecessor included the availability of a V8 engine, all-wheel drive and a station wagon ("touring") body style.
The E34 M5 uses upgraded versions of the S38 six-cylinder engine.

E39 (1995–2004)

2002 BMW 5 Series
Manufacturer
BMW
Production
1995–2003 (sedan)
1996–2004 (station wagon)
Assembly
Dingolfing, Germany
Toluca, Mexico
Kaliningrad , Russia
Layout
FR layout
Engine
four-cylinder petrol
six-cylinder petrol
V8 petrol
four-cylinder diesel
six-cylinder diesel
Transmission
5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
6-speed manual
Wheelbase
2,830 mm (111.4 in)
Length
4,775 mm (188.0 in) (saloon)
4,806 mm (189.2 in) (estate)
Width
1,801 mm (70.9 in)
Main article: BMW E39
The BMW E39 is the fourth-generation 5-Series, produced from 1995-2004. The design draws heavily from the E38 7 Series in body construction and electronic technology and the wheelbase grew by 68 millimetres (2.7 in) and overall length by 55 millimetres (2.2 in) over the E34.
Car and Drive often featured the E39 in its "10Best list". The E39 BMW 5-series was considered the benchmark of its class and Consumer Reports gave the 2001 530i its highest car rating ever.
The E39 M5 uses the S62 V8 engine.

E60/E61 (2003–2010)

2003 BMW 5 Series E60
Manufacturer
BMW
Production
2003 - 2010
Assembly
Dingolfing, Germany
Chennai, India
Rayong, Thailand
Toluca, Mexico
6th of October City, Egypt
Shenyang, China (BMW Brilliance)
Kaliningrad, Russia (Avtotor)
Jakarta, Indonesia (Gaya Motor)
Body style
Sedan
Station wagon
Layout
FR layout
all-wheel drive
Engine
four-cylinder petrol
six-cylinder petrol
V8 petrol
V10 petrol
four-cylinder diesel
six-cylinder diesel
Transmission
6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
7-speed SMG
Wheelbase
2,888 mm (113.7 in)
Length
4,841 mm (190.6 in)
Width
1,846 mm (72.7 in)
Designer(s)
Davide Arcangeli (2000)
Main article: BMW E60
The BMW E60 is the fifth-generation 5-Series, produced from 2003-2010. Its non-traditional styling (designed by late BMW designer Davide Arcangeli) and many of its features received mixed reviews. Despite criticism over its exterior design and interior electronics, this became the best-selling 5-Series.
The E60 represented a significant step forward in technology over the previous generation. The controversial iDrive interface is used to control many aspects of the vehicle. All-wheel drive returned as an option to the 5-series for the E60. The E60 535i is the first 5-series to use a turbocharged petrol engine.
The E60 M5 uses the S85 V10 engine.

F10/F11/F07 (2009-present)

2010 BMW 5 Series F10
Manufacturer
BMW
Production
2003 - 2010
Assembly
Dingolfing, Germany
Cairo, Egypt(BAG)
Toluca, Mexico[29] Rayong, Thailand
Shenyang, China(BMW Brilliance)
Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
Chennai, India
Jakarta, Indonesia (Gaya Motor)
Body style
saloon (F10)
station wagon (F11)
five-door fastback (F07)
Layout
FR layout
all-wheel drive
Engine
four-cylinder petrol
six-cylinder petrol
V8 petrol
four-cylinder diesel
six-cylinder diesel
Transmission
6-speed manual
8-speed ZF 8HP automatic
Wheelbase
2,968 mm (116.9 in)
Length
4,899–4,907 mm (192.9–193.2 in) (2011- sedan)
Width
1,860 mm (73.2 in)
Designer(s)
Jacek Fröhlich (Sedan) [2006]
Jean-Francois Alexandre Huet (Station Wagon) [2008]
Main article: BMW F10
The F10/F11/F07 is the sixth-generation 5-Series, produced from 2009–present. The platform is based on the F01 7 Series; improvements include a front dual ball joint short-long arm suspension (replacing the MacPherson strut suspensions BMW previously used), and a rear multilink suspension.
The interior marks the return of the centre console being clearly angled towards the driver, another marked change from its immediate predecessor which was noted for its non traditional BMW design. However, opinion is divided, as a reviewer described the F10 as too bland and conservative, compared to the E60 predecessor, as well as having too much of a resemblance to the E90 3-Series.
The F10 M5 uses the S63 twin-turbocharged V8 engine and is the first M3 or M5 to use forced induction.
A long-wheelbase version is sold in China. Mexican built armored BMW 5 vehicles are also built on the wheelbase from the Chinese long-wheelbase model. This armoured model is known as the BMW 5 Security and only is available in long-wheelbase form with the 4.4L V8 engine.

5-Series Gran Turismo (F07)

BMW 535i Gran Turismo
Main article: BMW 5 Series Gran Turismo
In 2009, BMW released the 5-Series Gran Turismo (F07), a five-door fastback of similar body style to the Porsche Panamera The GT is taller than other fastback competitors.
The F07 (designed by Christopher Weil) shares the same F01 7 Series-derived platform, powertrain, and mechanical package with the F10. However, the F07's fascia has different headlights and bumper, with a larger split-kidney grille similar to that of the F01 7 Series. The F07 is also taller, resulting in a higher center of gravity and its greater length allows for more rear legroom. The F07 also features frameless doors and a double-pane liftgate truck.
The F07 is the first BMW to receive the new ZF eight-speed automatic transmission, along with a new Brake Energy Regeneration system.

BMW 5-Series ActiveHybrid

The hybrid electric concept version of the BMW 5-series, introduced as BMW Concept 5-Series ActiveHybrid, was unveiled at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show. The use of BMW ActiveHybrid technology allows the hybrid electric version to reduce both fuel consumption and emissions by more than 10%. According to BMW, the production version is scheduled to be released in 2012.

Awards

The E39 5-Series was on Car and Driver magazine's annual Ten Best list for six years straight, from its introduction in 1997 through 2002. It was also Motor Trend's Import Car of the Year for 1997 and What Car? Executive Car of the Year 1997 through 2002. The E60 was named "Best New Luxury/Prestige Car" in the 2006 Canadian Car of the Year awards. Active Seat continuous passive motion seating comfort technology recognized as one of the Best Inventions of 1998 by Popular Science magazine. Consumer Reports found the E39 5-series their best car tested in 2001–2002. The JB car pages have awarded the BMW 5-Series a best-in-class 4 1/2 star rating.

Production and sales

Calendar year
Total production
US sales
China sales
1995
22,637
1996
22,775
1997
228,800
-
1998
221,600
-
1999
201,400
38,218
2000
191,546
39,703
2001
193,948
40,005
2002
172,323
40,842
2003
185,481
46,964
2004
229,598
45,584
2005
228,389
52,722
2006
232,193
56,756
2007
230,845
54,142
2008
202,287
45,915
2009
175,983
40,109
2010
211,968
39,488
42,076
2011
332,501
51,491
2012
359,016
56,798
Back to BMW
Last updated on 13 August 2013 at 20:19.

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