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BMW 7 Series

Manufacturer
BMW
Production
1977 - present
Assembly
Dingolfing, Germany
Lerma, Toluca, Mexico
Predecessor
Class
Full-size luxury car
Body style
4-door sedan
Layout
FR layout
The BMW 7 Series is a line of full-size luxury vehicles produced by the German automaker BMW. Introduced in 1977, it is BMW's flagship car and is only available as a sedan or extended-length limousine. The 7 Series traditionally introduces technologies and exterior design themes before they trickle down to smaller sedans in BMW's lineup.

E23 (1977–1986)

BMW 7 Series E23 sedan
Manufacturer
BMW
Production
1977–1986
285,029 built
Engine
six-cylinder petrol
Wheelbase
2,795 mm (110.0 in)
Length
4,860 mm (191.0 in)
Width
1,800 mm (71.0 in)
Height
1,430 mm 956.0 in)
Curb weight
1,530 kg (3,400 lb)−1,670 kg (3,700 lb)
Main article: BMW E23

The BMW E23 is the first BMW 7 Series luxury car, produced by the German automaker BMW. Replacing the BMW E3 large sedan, the E23 was produced for ten years from 1977 to 1987 and was replaced by the BMW E32 7 Series in 1986.

E32 (1986–1994)

BMW 7 Series E32
Manufacturer
BMW
Production
1986–1994
311,068 built
Assembly
Dingolfing, Germany
Engine
six-cylinder petrol
V8 petrol
V12 petrol
Wheelbase
2,833 mm (111.5 in)
2,947 mm (116.0 in) (long)
Length
4,910 mm (193 in)
5,029 mm (198.0 in) (long)
Width
1,845 mm (72.6 in)
Height
1,400 mm (55 in)
1,435 mm (56.5 in) (long)
Curb weight
1,720 kg (3,800 lb)
1,930 kg (4,300 lb) (long)
Main article: BMW E32
In July 1986, BMW introduced the second-generation 7-series, the E32. Some luxury options included integrated telephone and fax machines, a wine cooler, double glazing, traction control system, and a system that automatically increased spring pressure on the windscreen wipers, to keep them firmly pressed on the glass at Motorway speeds.
Initially the engine choices were all six-cylinder petrol, as per the previous generation. In 1987 a V12 engine was introduced. In 1992, V8 engines were added to the lineup (730i and 740i). The E32 (750i) was the first car adhering to BMW's self-imposed speed limit of 250 km/h (155.37 mph).
The E32 also introduced the extended wheelbase version (indicated by an 'L' from German Lang, after the model number) with extra rear leg room compared to the standard 7-series.

E38 (1994–2001)

BMW 7 Series E38
Manufacturer
BMW
Production
February 17, 1994–July 27, 2001
340,242 built
Assembly
Dingolfing, Germany
Toluca, Mexico
Engine
Petrol:
six-cylinder
V8
V12
Diesel:
six-cylinder turbo
V8 turbo
Wheelbase
2,930 mm (115 in)−3,070 mm (121 in)
Length
4,984 mm (196.2 in)−5,124 mm (201.7 in)
Width
1,862 mm (73.3 in)
Height
1,425 mm (56.1 in)−1,435 mm (56.5 in)
Curb weight
1,710 kg (3,800 lb)−2,185 kg (4,820 lb)
Main article: BMW E38
The third-generation E38 was produced between 1994–2001. It was the first 7-series to be available with a diesel engine and the first to have the option of a five-speed automatic transmission.The E38 was the first car in the world to feature Xenon headlights. BMW was also the first European car manufacturer to offer an integrated satellite navigation screen which featured on the E38 7 Series.
BMW's flagship sedan was the E38 750i. It was featured in the 1997 film Tomorrow Never Dies as the car driven by James Bond (Pierce Brosnan).
BMW's E38 735i was featured in the 2002 film The Transporter driven by Jason Statham.

E65/E66/E67/E68 (2001–2008)

2007 BMW 7 Series E65
Manufacturer
BMW
Production
2001 – 2008
Assembly
Dingolfing, Germany
Rayong, Thailand
Cairo, Egypt
Toluca, Mexico
Kaliningrad, Russia
Engine
Petrol:
3.0 L N52B30A Inline 6
4.0 L N60B40 V8
6.0 L V12
Diesel:
six-cylinder turbo
V8 turbo
Wheelbase
2,990 mm (117.7 in) (SWB)
3,129 mm (123.2 in) (LWB)
Length
5,029 mm (198.0 in) (2002-05 E65)
5,169 mm (203.5 in) (2002-05 E66)
5,039 mm (198.4 in) (2006-09 E65)
5,179 mm (203.9 in) (2006-09 E66)
Width
1,902 mm (74.9 in)
Main article: BMW E65/E66/E67/E68
The fourth-generation E65 7-series was produced from 2001 to 2008. The Hydrogen 7 is the first production BMW to be powered by hydrogen. Although previous generations of the 7 Series had long-wheelbase and protection variants, the E65 was the first iteration to use specific chassis codes for each version. E65 was the designation of the standard-wheelbase version, E66 was the long-wheelbase version, E67 of the high-security (armored) version and E68 of the Hydrogen 7.
The E65 generated much controversy, due to its radical styling and iDrive user difficulties. Nonetheless, the E65 broke records to become the best-selling 7-series iteration ever, especially after its 2005 facelift.

F01/F02 (2008–)

2009 BMW 7 Series F01
Manufacturer
BMW
Production
2008 - present
Assembly
Dingolfing, Germany
Toluca, Mexico
Rayong, Thailand
6th of October City, Egypt(BAG)
Chennai, India
Engine
Petrol:
six-cylinder turbo
V8 turbo
V12 turbo
Diesel:
six-cylinder turbo
Wheelbase
six-cylinder turbo[22]
Wheelbase      3,070 mm (120.9 in) (SWB)
3,210 mm (126.4 in) (LWB)
Length
5,072 mm (199.7 in) (2009-2011 SWB)
5,212 mm (205.2 in) (2009-2011 LWB)
205.3 in (5,215 mm) (2012-Present LWB)
199.8 in (5,075 mm) (2012-Present SWB)
Width
1,902 mm (74.9 in)
Height
1,479 mm (58.2 in) (2009-2011)
58.3 in (1,481 mm) (2012-Present LWB)
58.5 in (1,486 mm) (2012-Present LWB)
58.4 in (1,483 mm) (ActiveHybrid LWB)
Curb weight
1,955 kg (4,310.0 lb) (740i)
1,973 kg (4,349.7 lb) (740li)
2,075 kg (4,574.6 lb) (750i)
2,152 kg (4,744.3 lb) (750i X-Drive)
2,114 kg (4,660.6 lb) (750li)
2,177 kg (4,799.5 lb) (750li X-Drive)
2,274 kg (5,013.3 lb) (760li)
Main article: BMW 7 Series (F01)
The 5th generation F01/F02 went on sale in November 2008 and is currently still in production. The F01/F02 was the first 7-series available with an 8-speed automatic transmission and all-wheel drive. It is the first 7-series where all engines are turbocharged (except the Asian-market 730i and 730Li variants). The ActiveHybrid7 was the first 7-series to use an electric motor.
The front suspension is a double wishbone design, instead of the MacPherson struts used on previous generations.

Production and sales

Calendar year
Total production
US sales (hybrid)
China sales
1995
22,637
1996
22,775
1997
49,700
-
1998
47,200
-
1999
43,000
18,233
2000
39,000
16,619
2001
32,749
13,389
2002
53,504
22,006
2003
57,899
20,473
2004
47,689
16,155
2005
50,062
18,165
2006
50,227
17,796
2007
44,421
14,773
2008
38,835
12,276
2009
52,680
9,254
2010
65,814
12,253 (101)
26,553
2011
68,774
11,299
2012
59,184
11,098
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Last updated on 9 August 2013 at 09:43.

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