Translate

BMW M78

The BMW M78 is a straight-six OHV piston engine. It is the first straight-six automobile engine produced by BMW. The engine initially had the same bore and stroke as the four cylinder engine from the BMW 3/20; the bore spacing was increased to allow for further increases in bore and to provide for more crankshaft bearings. The engine was designed by Fritz Fiedler.
Manufacturer
BMW
Production
1933 – 1950
Predecessor
none
Successor
BMW M337
Configuration
straight-6

Models

Model
Displacement
Power
Torque
Redline
Year
303 version
1,182 cc
22 kW (30 PS; 30 hp)
68 Nm (50 lbft)
1933-1934
315 version
1,389 cc
25 kW (34 PS; 34 hp)
1934-1937
315/1 version
1,389 cc
30 kW (41 PS; 40 hp)
1934-1937
319 version
1,911 cc
34 kW (46 PS; 46 hp)
1935-1937
319/1 version
1,911 cc
41 kW (56 PS; 55 hp)
1935-1937
326 version
1,971 cc
37 kW (50 PS; 50 hp)
1936-1950
320 version
1,971 cc
34 kW (46 PS; 46 hp)
1937-1938
327 version
1,971 cc
41 kW (56 PS; 55 hp)
1937-1953

M78 (303 version)

This first version of the M78 used a bore of 56 mm (2.2 in) and a stroke of 80 mm (3.1 in), with a compression ratio of 5.6:1. It produced 22 kW (30 PS; 30 hp) at 4000 rpm and 68 Nm (at unknown rpm).
Applications:
  • 1933-1934 303

M78 (315 version)

A development of the 303 version, where the bore was increased from 56 mm (2.2 in) to 58 mm (2.3 in) and the stroke was increased from 80 mm (3.1 in) to 94 mm (3.7 in). The compression ratio remained at 5.6:1. This engine produced 25 kW (34 PS; 34 hp) at 4000 rpm.
Applications:
  • 1934-1937 315

M78 (315/1 version)

An upgraded version of the 315 engine with the compression ratio increased to 6.8:1 and using three Solex carburetors. This version produces 30 kW (41 PS; 40 hp) at 4000 rpm.
Applications
  • 1934-1937 315/1

M78 (319 version)

The 315 engine was enlarged to 1911 cc for the 319. This was a result of increasing the bore to 65 mm (2.6 in) and the stroke to 96 mm (3.8 in). This engine produced 45 bhp (34 kW) at 3750 rpm.
Applications:
  • 1935-1937 319
  • 1937 329

M78 (319/1 version)

The 315/1 engine was enlarged to 1911 cc for the 319/1. This was a result of increasing the bore to 65 mm (2.6 in) and the stroke to 96 mm (3.8 in). This engine produced 55 bhp (41 kW) at 4000 rpm.
Applications:
  • 1935-1937 319/1

M78 (326 version)

The 319 engine was enlarged to 1971 cc for the 326 by increasing the bore by one millimetre to 66 mm (2.6 in). Twin 26 mm Solex carburetors were used. The compression ratio was raised to 6.0:1. This engine produced 50 PS (37 kW) at 3750 rpm.
Applications:
  • 1936-1946 326
  • 1938-1950 321

M78 (320 version)

The 326 engine was detuned (by using a single carburetor) for the 320 and 321. This engine produces 34 kW (46 PS; 46 hp) at 3750 rpm.
Applications:
  • 1937-1938 320
  • 1938-1941 321

M78 (327 version)

The 327 used a version of the 326 engine with a new cylinder head, yielding a 6.3:1 compression ratio and a slight power increase to 55 bhp (41 kW; 56 PS) at 4500 rpm.
Applications:
  • 1937-1955 327
  • 1949-1953 340

M337

Main article: BMW M337
The post-war BMW 501 was powered by an updated version of the M78. Redesignated the M337, the updated engine had a revised cylinder head, a completely new inlet manifold, and a reinforced crankshaft with bigger, more modern bearings.
Back to BMW
Last updated on 10 March 2013 at 09:59.

0 comments:

Ebay Deals

Ebay.com
Ebay.co.uk
Ebay.de
Ebay.com.au
Ebay.it
Ebay.ca
Ebay.fr
Back to Top