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What Is The Meaning Of 4Matic In Mercedes Benz?

What Is The Meaning Of 4Matic In Mercedes Benz
What is 4MATIC®, and what does 4MATIC® mean on a Mercedes-Benz? 4MATIC® is an all-wheel drive system that has a lightweight drivetrain. When your Mercedes-Benz vehicle comes equipped with 4MATIC® all-wheel drive, you’ll experience better traction and smoother handling on Chino roads.
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What does 4MATIC mean in Mercedes?

4MATIC All-Wheel Drive | The Best or Nothing From winter storms to tight corners, 4MATIC all-wheel drive maximizes traction by engaging all four wheels, so you can always put your best foot forward. Mercedes-Benz 4MATIC all-wheel drive is fully integrated into your vehicle, so it reacts instantly and adjusts to any scenario.

Available on certain vehicles, variable all-wheel drive can automatically change from pure front-wheel drive (for steady highway driving) to a 50:50 front-rear split for harsher conditions. This adaptability allows for increased fuel efficiency while keeping you safe in moments of need. Vehicles With This Drivetrain Unlike its variable counterpart, permanent all-wheel drive is always in action with a fixed torque split, so power is always applied to all four wheels.

This creates a noticeable improvement in the vehicle’s handling, safety and overall ride comfort. Vehicles With This Drivetrain Pioneered by Mercedes-Benz, the 4-wheel Electronic Traction System (4-ETS) is built to detect the onset of wheelspin. It then rapidly pulses the brake at the slipping wheel, sending torque and power back to the gripping wheel to get you out of mud, sand or gravel.

Designed to handle the raw power of Mercedes-AMG vehicles, and provide an ideal combination of agility, efficiency and traction. At its core, the 4MATIC system feeds power to the front axles through a transfer case in the transmission, while a limited slip differential provides balance between front and rear.

Sensors throughout manage the torque demands of each wheel, resulting in greater traction and acceleration.4MATIC all-wheel drive is ready for any type of weather, and available in virtually every Mercedes-Benz model. So whether you’re in snow where grip is scarce, on a slick surface in rainy weather, or simply on dry terrain looking for a sportier drive, 4MATIC makes sure you’re equipped for the ride.

  1. A Legacy of All-Wheel Drive Having invented the car, the truck and the motorcycle before the turn of the 20th century, it’s no surprise that Gottlieb Daimler’s son Paul, a mechanical engineer himself, sketched the first designs for an all-wheel drive system in 1903.
  2. Paul Daimler creates the initial design for an AWD automobile.

The “Dernberg-Wagen” is the first AWD car for everyday use. It also features 4-wheel steering. Production begins for the Unimog, a 4WD truck intitially intended for agricultural use. Still in production generations later, its go-anywhere capability makes it ideally suited for farming and construction in the most rugged terrains.

Development begins for the Gelåndewagen, a cross-country SUV with the capability for industrial, municipal and military use, along with the comfort and safety for everyday civilian enjoyment. Introduction of the Antilock Braking System (ABS) lays the foundation for future electronic traction control systems.

Production of the Gelandewagen, or “G-Model” begins in Graz, Austria, where it remains handcrafted and known as the “G-Class” to this day. Mercedes-Benz engineers introduce a new passenger-car AWD system at the Frankfurt Motor Show. It’s called 4MATIC.

The W-124-series (E-Class) debuts the first 4MATIC models, featuring an electronically lockable differential. The M-Class SUV is launched with the first-ever 4-wheel Electronic Traction System (ETS) among its many innovations.4-ETS is added to the E-Class 4MATIC sedans and wagons. A new generation of 4MATIC achieves a system weight of well under 200 lbs.

It appears first on the CL 550 Coupe.4MATIC is available on nearly all Mercedes-Benz vehicles around the world, with gasoline, diesel, hybrid and electric power. * Starting price is MSRP, or Manufacturer’s Suggested Retail Price. MSRP excludes transportation and handling charges, destination charges, taxes, title, registration, license, tag, preparation and documentary service fees, insurance charges, and Dealer add-on products, accessories and associated labor and installation charges.

  • MSRP for a base model prior to customer build also excludes charges for optional equipment, products, packages, and accessories.
  • Actual vehicle price and availability may vary by Dealer and should be confirmed with the dealer selected by customer.
  • MBFS NMLS #2546 ** Stated rates of acceleration are based upon manufacturer’s track results and may vary depending on model, environmental and road surface conditions, driving style, elevation and vehicle load.

† EPA estimated fuel economy. Compare the estimated mpg to the estimated mpg of other vehicles. You may get different mileage depending on how fast you drive, weather conditions and trip length. Your actual highway mileage will probably be less than the highway estimate.

With optional trailer hitch. Read Operator’s Manual before towing. In some states, aftermarket trailer brakes are required. See dealer for details. †† EPA estimated driving range with a fully charged battery. Driving range may vary based on model, terrain, temperature, driving style, optional equipment, use of vehicle features, and other factors.1 Vehicle may not be exactly as shown.2 As a concept car, the designs, features, etc.

are subject to change.3 No system, regardless of how advanced, can overcome the laws of physics or correct careless driving. Please always wear your seat belt. Performance is limited by available traction, which snow, ice and other conditions can affect.

Always drive carefully, consistent with conditions. Best performance in snow is obtained with winter tires. The Online Price is the latest price for the vehicle as reported by Dealer and excludes taxes, additional add-on products, accessories and associated labor and installation charges, insurance charges, and, depending on location, certain fees resulting from the sale of the vehicle, including, but not limited to, title, registration, license, tag, and preparation and documentary service fees.

Actual vehicle price and availability should be confirmed with Dealer. : 4MATIC All-Wheel Drive | The Best or Nothing
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Can you turn 4MATIC off?

Is 4Matic always on? – You can’t turn off Mercedes 4Matic, so yes it’s always on. In AMG models such as the A45 and the new C63 with 4Matic+, you can send more power to the rear wheels in sport mode for a more exciting driving experience, but that’s as close as you’ll get.
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Does 4MATIC mean automatic?

Mercedes-Benz 4MATIC All-Wheel Drive Powered by either a 7 or 9-speed automatic transmission, 4MATIC can adapt to provide enhanced stability, in adverse weather conditions or poor road surfaces, by working in conjunction with other key technologies such as ABS (Antilock Braking System), 4-ETS (4-wheel Electronic Traction System) and ESP® (Electronic Stability Program).

Adaptability is the core focus of the intelligent 4MATIC all-wheel drive system as no matter which wheel looses grip, power will be distributed to the opposite wheel. These automatic adjustments provide drivers with peace of mind and an enhanced level of safety. Continuously monitoring the speed of the each wheel and ensuring the remains stable at all times, 4MATIC seriously is the best partner for any road surface or weather conditions.

: Mercedes-Benz 4MATIC All-Wheel Drive
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What engine is 4MATIC?

Price $101,900 – $199,400 Fuel consumption 9.8 – 16.6 L/100km Under the hood of the full-size GLS 450 4MATIC is a turbocharged 3.0-litre inline six-cylinder engine. However, if you opt for the more luxurious and capable GLS 580 4MATIC, prepare to be charmed by the twin-turbocharged 4.0-litre V8 delivering 483 horsepower.
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Is 4MATIC a hybrid?

Mercedes-Benz Re-engineered Mercedes-AMG C43 4Matic on sale in North America later this year. The all-wheel-drive performance sedan receives a downsized 4-cyl. with electric turbocharging. Mercedes-AMG reveals the new C43 4Matic – the first model to receive a newly developed mild-hybrid version of the automaker’s 2.0L gasoline 4-cyl.

Featuring a 48V electric architecture and electric turbocharging. Set for North American sale later this year, the sedan from Mercedes-Benz’s performance division has been comprehensively re-engineered for the introduction of the new engine, drawing on the changes already brought to the sixth-generation C-Class launched last year.

The longitudinally mounted unit replaces the turbocharged 3.0L V-6 used by earlier C43 4Matic models. With an electric turbocharger replacing the exhaust-gas turbocharger used in the 4-cyl. AMG engine up to now, as well as a newly configured belt-driven starter-generator to boost power momentarily under full throttle, the powerplant develops a claimed 201 hp/L, lifting the output of the 2023-model-year C43 4Matic 40 hp beyond its predecessor to 402 hp. The reworked AMG powerplant is based on Mercedes-Benz’s standard M270 engine, as used across the automaker’s lineup. It is assembled partially by hand at the company’s Affalterbach headquarters on the outskirts of Stuttgart in Germany. Drive is channeled through a 9-speed MCT automatic gearbox featuring a Race Start function as well as an AMG-specific version of Mercedes-Benz’s 4Matic all-wheel drive system with a 31:69 distribution of drive front to rear.

Mercedes-AMG is yet to make any acceleration claims, though it says the 155-mph (250 km/h) top speed of the 3,890-lb. (1,765-kg) C43 4Matic can be increased to 165 mph (266 km/h) with an optional Driver’s Package. To give the model a characteristic AMG sound, the C43 4Matic receives a newly developed exhaust system.

Buyers also can specify an optional AMG Real Performance Sound package that uses a synthesizer to enhance the exhaust note via the audio system. The chassis of the standard C-Class has been extensively upgraded in the transformation to C43 4Matic. Included is a revised front axle with model-specific steering knuckles and load-bearing joints. Also included as standard on the C43 4Matic is a new AMG-tuned version of the C-Class’s rear-axle steering system. It provides a maximum 2.5-degree steering angle to the rear wheels, depending on the drive mode. Brakes are upgraded to 14.6-in. steel discs with 4-piston calipers up front, and 12.6-in.

steel discs with single-piston floating calipers at the rear. The C43 4Matic is differentiated from the C-Class by several traditional AMG styling touches. They include a Panamericana-style grille with vertical louvers, a model-specific bumper, beefier side sills and a reworked rear bumper with a diffuser and chrome tailpipes.

The new model rolls on standard 18-in. wheels but can be specified with optional 19- and 20-in. wheels. Inside (pictured, above), there are AMG-specific digital graphics for the instrument and infotainment displays, a leather-wrapped AMG Performance flat-bottom steering wheel, AMG sport seats trimmed in artificial leather and microfiber, AMG pedals and red seatbelts among other trim changes.
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Is a 4MATIC fast?

The Stuttgart-based automaker quotes 5.1 seconds to 100 kilometers per hour (62 miles per hour), which is faster than a front-wheel-drive hot hatchback and almost as fast as the Ford Focus RS.
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Does 4MATIC consume more fuel?

Yes, 4 WD vehicles use more gas, because the engine has to work harder, you have to step on gas more to make the engine have more power to turn four wheels at the same speed.
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How do I know if my car is 4MATIC?

How To Tell If a Mercedes-Benz has 4Matic All-Wheel Drive 4Matic is the name that Mercedes-Benz gives to their vehicles that come equipped with all-wheel drive. This is important to know as many parts designed for rear-wheel drive Mercedes-Benz cars and SUVs do not models with 4Matic all-wheel drive. : How To Tell If a Mercedes-Benz has 4Matic All-Wheel Drive
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Does 4MATIC mean all-wheel drive?

4MATIC® is an all-wheel drive system that has a lightweight drivetrain. When your Mercedes-Benz vehicle comes equipped with 4MATIC® all-wheel drive, you’ll experience better traction and smoother handling on Chino roads.
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Is 4MATIC Electric?

It comes in three main versions: 450+, 580 4Matic and AMG EQS. The 450+ comes with a single electric motor powering the rear wheels. It produces 329 horsepower and 419 lb-ft of torque.
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What is the meaning of Kompressor in Mercedes-Benz?

SL55 AMG bearing the Kompressor badge. Kompressor (stylized as KOMPRESSOR ) is a marketing name for forced induction ( supercharged ) Mercedes-Benz engines. The term is not widely used by other motor manufacturers. The first Mercedes supercharger was developed in 1921 by a Daimler-Benz team with assistance from Ferdinand Porsche,
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How many gears does a 4MATIC have?

4MATIC for the compact model range from Mercedes-Benz: Greater driving dynamics, greater traction, greater safety – Mercedes-Benz Group Media

Fully variable permanent all-wheel drive for the front-wheel vehicles Dual clutch transmission with integrated power take-off Torque on demand-rear axle Intelligent control systems for safer and more enjoyable driving Different modes to suit personal driving styles

The most innovative components of the new 4MATIC include the power take-off to the rear axle which is integrated in the 7G-DCT automated dual clutch transmission and the rear-axle gear with integrated, electrohydraulically controlled multi-disc clutch.

  • This set-up enables fully variable distribution of the drive torque between front and rear axle.
  • Additional benefits of this design are a lower system weight than is available from the competition and high efficiency.
  • The 4MATIC all-wheel drive is a completely new development tailored to the requirements of the new front-wheel drive architecture.

The engineers at Mercedes-Benz have ventured into uncharted territory here, as the design of the previous model series ruled out the introduction of an all-wheel drive system based on a front-wheel drive architecture with transversely mounted front engines.

On these previous models the differential was located in front of the engine in the direction of travel, thus thwarting any options of diverting drive power to the rear axle. In addition, the body design with sandwich floor prevented the integration of a cardan shaft to the rear axle. For the new front-wheel drive vehicles, adequate installation space for an all-wheel drive powertrain was provided right from the initial stages of the planning process.

In addition, the development engineers designed the powertrain such that the differential axle is situated behind the engine, thus enabling power to be branched off to the rear axle. The future all-wheel drive line-up from Mercedes-Benz will be heralded in the coming year by the new CLA and the particularly agile and powerful CLA 45 AMG.

  • While the basic mechanical configuration is identical on all versions, the AMG models feature a modified power output to the rear axle.
  • Integrated power take-off unit (PTU) channels power to the rear axle The new 4MATIC is being combined with the 7G-DCT seven-speed automated dual clutch transmission which was premiered in the B-Class.
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The power flux to the rear powertrain is provided by a compact power take-off unit (PTU) which is fully integrated in the main transmission and is supplied with lubricant from the latter’s oil circuit. This configuration gives rise to substantial weight advantages in comparison to rival systems which branch off power by means of an add-on component with its own oil circuit.

  • Together with the friction-minimised tapered roller bearings, the PTU achieves an excellent level of efficiency.
  • The low system weight of the new 4MATIC is not attributable solely to the PTU.
  • Other weight-stripping measures include a compact rear-axle gear unit, inductively hardened rear-axle side shafts in hollow design and weight-optimised propeller shafts.

The system weight of the new 4MATIC is up to 25 percent lighter than the all-wheel-drive versions offered by the competition. These lightweight design measures and the high functional efficiency result in a good level of energy efficiency. As is always the case with all-wheel drive systems incorporating a transversely mounted drive unit at the front, the power flux requires to be diverted by 90 degrees.

  1. On the 4MATIC, this is achieved by quite simple means: the differential gearwheel of the main transmission drives the spur gear of the PTU and a compact bevel gear stage diverts the power flux.
  2. The rear axle is driven via an output flange and a cardan shaft.
  3. A vibrationally decoupled intermediate bearing is fitted between the two-part cardan shaft and underbody and a flexible coupling is installed between the shaft and the rear-axle gear unit.

An axially moving joint at the front compensates the typical movements of the engine-transmission unit under load and prevents the transfer of such movements to the rear powertrain. By virtue of these measures, all the 4MATIC versions attain a level of NVH comfort on a par with that of the comparable models with front-wheel drive.

  • In order to minimise crash-induced stress for passengers in a head-on or rear-end collision, the cardan shaft is provided with a crash joint.
  • Here again, the 4MATIC models attain a standard of safety on a par with that of the front-wheel drive models.
  • Completely new development with torque-on-demand rear axle The electrohydraulically actuated multi-disc clutch integrated in the rear-axle gear unit is responsible for fully variable torque distribution.

Operating principle: when the multi-disc clutch is open, the CLA is driven almost exclusively by the front axle. When the clutch is closed, the rear axle comes into play. This means that the drive torque can be shifted in fully variable mode between front and rear axle according to the given situation (torque on demand).

  1. The system pressure to activate the rear axle is supplied in milliseconds by the rotor pump which is integrated in the rear-axle gear unit.
  2. The pump is activated automatically as soon as only minimal speed differences apply between front and rear axle.
  3. The most diverse parameters are taken into consideration here, such as lateral acceleration, steering angle, yaw rate, accelerator position, ABS control settings or the selected shift programme of the 7G-DCT dual clutch transmission.

An additional pressure regulating valve limits the drive torque at the rear axle to 750 Newton metres. Up to 1000 Newton metres are possible on the AMG version. Intelligent control systems for more enjoyable driving The 4MATIC is activated according to the basic principle of “as often as necessary as rarely as possible”.

This means that when the underlying conditions allow the all-wheel drive CLA models run almost exclusively in front-wheel drive mode. As soon as the driving situation requires, additional drive torque is channelled to the rear axle as appropriate. The reverse process takes place just as quickly: as soon as additional drive torque is no longer expedient at the rear axle – e.g.

in case of heavy braking manoeuvres with ABS intervention – the rear powertrain is deactivated and torque is reduced to zero. With this strategy, the developers have managed to combine two key requirements defined in the performance specifications: optimum energy efficiency coupled with maximum driving dynamics and driving safety.

Full-load acceleration at approx.50 km/h → 60:40 Dynamic cornering under load → 50:50 Exceeding the µ-jump limit → 10:90 Heavy braking with ABS intervention → 100:00

Another basic principle of the 4MATIC system results in a further increase in driving dynamics, guaranteeing greater driving enjoyment without compromising driving safety. In case of understeering or oversteering under load, the drive torque is first of all distributed such as to stabilise the vehicle.

  • This ensures that traction and driving enjoyment are fully maintained in speedy driving on winding stretches of road.
  • Only if these measures fail to have a stabilising effect do the control systems adapted to 4MATIC conditions, such as ESP® or 4ETS, intervene to keep the CLA stable.
  • The 4ETS electronic traction system forms part of the ESP® electronic stability programme and brakes the driven wheels individually when they go into spin.

This provides for a high level of traction on slippery surfaces, on roads which are icy on one side or in continually changing conditions. In a nutshell: while 4ETS is responsible for maintaining the highest possible traction in all conditions, ESP® serves as the higher-level control instance to ensure optimum driving stability.

Individual: driving modes to suit personal driving styles As already mentioned, the torque distribution ratio is also dependent on the activated shift programme of the 7G-DCT dual clutch transmission. The ECO programme results in torque distribution of a conservative nature. Less torque is channelled to the rear axle, resulting in gentler handling and supporting an economical driving style at lower revs.

In SPORT or MANUAL mode the activation times are shortened and more torque is distributed to the rear axle in the interests of a dynamic, sporty driving style. On the AMG versions such as feature on the CLA 45 AMG, 4MATIC adaptation takes place in accordance with the 3-stage ESP® system, employing the user-selectable settings ESP ON, ESP SPORT Handling Mode and ESP OFF.

  • This 3-stage stability programme is also applied to adapt the control strategies of the variable 4MATIC system.
  • The new AMG 4MATIC applies more rear-biased torque distribution as a general principle, in order to increase lateral dynamics around the vehicle’s vertical axis.
  • Detailed investigations in the testing phase Alongside exact and realistic simulation using a digital prototype, extensive practical testing remains integral to the development phase of new models and drives.
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For the new 4MATIC, endurance testing and detailed tuning trials were carried out in all climatic zones and on all possible types of roads and surfaces. The test engineers carried out their work at test sites beyond the Arctic Circle and in desert regions, as well as trials closer to home at the Daimler test sites in Papenburg and Boxberg.

  1. Fine tuning of the control systems took place on race tracks such as the legendary Nürburgring Nordschleife and demanding alpine passes.
  2. The test programme was backed up with extensive trials under standardised conditions on the all-wheel drive test rigs in Stuttgart-Untertürkheim.
  3. The entire powertrain with engine is set up on these large-scale test rigs and subjected to punishing treatment around the clock, following previously recorded and digitised test routes.

Driving resistance is simulated here by four electric motors connected to the hubs of the respective wheels. This enables exact comparison of different design variants under standardised conditions without weather influences or changing road conditions, to reveal the best solution.

The test rig runs are also important for the purpose of tuning individual parameters. An example here is provided by the power take-off unit (PTU), which shares a common oil circuit with the main transmission in the interests of minimising component weight and maximising efficiency. As the lubricant supply process cannot be simulated exactly using a computer model, the engineers have come up with an “x-ray trick”.

They produce the housing in a robust, transparent material and install this “glass PTU” in the powertrain. HD cameras can then be used to provide a perfect view of the oil circuit during the subsequent runs on the test rig and optimisation measures can duly be carried out as necessary.

The above-described large-scale test rig demonstrates Daimler AG’s commitment to maximum environment-friendliness and resource conservation with regard to the design and operation of test facilities. The four electric motors function as generators during braking, feeding the recuperated energy back into the power grid – at Mercedes-Benz, recuperation is not limited to the vehicles themselves.

Perfect duo: new 4MATIC and 7G-DCT dual clutch transmission Drawing on over 50 years of experience in the development and production of automatic transmissions, Mercedes-Benz has ventured into new technical territory with the 7G-DCT dual clutch transmission: the new system is an automated three-shaft manual transmission consisting of two subtransmissions, each with its own clutch.

  1. Both actuation of the clutches and gear shifting take place fully automatically and without any interruption in tractive power.
  2. This enables a comfortable but nevertheless dynamic mode of driving.
  3. Thanks to its seven gears it offers a large gear ratio spread of up to 7.99.
  4. This means that a very short transmission ratio is available when moving off on an uphill slope with a high payload, for example, while during cruising the engine speed can be lowered considerably.

The transmission’s efficiency improves fuel economy by up to 9 percent in comparison to the CVT which has been employed in the A-Class to date, bringing fuel consumption down to a level below that obtained with a manual transmission. At a length of 367 millimetres and a weight of 86 kilograms, the 7G-DCT is more compact and lighter than the transmissions in this torque class which have been available on the market to date.

  • The clutches take the form of oil-cooled multi-disc clutches.
  • The specially developed hydraulic fluid is actively cooled, thus ensuring correct functioning of the transmission even under extreme conditions, despite the comparatively low filling level of six litres.
  • Excess engine heat can also be transferred to the transmission, which improves its efficiency.

For the first time on this type of unit, the transmission is supplied with oil by two oil pumps – one mechanical and one electric. The electric pump maintains the oil pressure when the engine is switched off via the start/stop function. This means that the transmission is immediately operational when the engine is restarted and the vehicle can move off again without any delay.

In addition, the electric pump is able to support the mechanical pump when peak loads apply, enabling a more compact and efficient design for the mechanical pump. Another new feature is electrical activation of the hydraulics for the parking lock, which is locked by mechanical means. This “park by wire” function enables the transmission selector lever to be positioned as desired: it is located in the form of a steering column lever on the right behind the steering wheel.

In combination with the electric parking brake, additional space has thus been created in the centre console for additional stowage facilities. Three gearshift programmes are available to the driver:

ECONOMY: in this mode, the transmission performs gearshifts fully automatically and particularly comfortably. The gears are selected with due regard to a particularly economical style of driving at low revs SPORT: the transmission performs gearshifts fully automatically. The shift and response times are shorter, with gearshifts at higher engine speeds MANUAL: in this mode, the driver operates the transmission manually via shift paddles behind the steering wheel. The engine speeds at which the gears are shifted can therefore be freely chosen

In ECO or SPORT mode, the driver is still able to intervene manually in the gear-shifting process via the shift paddles. The transmission reverts to the selected automatic mode after the paddles have remained inactive for ten seconds, or after a longer delay when driving downhill or on winding roads.
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Is AWD considered a 4×4?

What is a 4×4 Car? Strictly speaking, 4×4 cars have engines that power all four wheels. In a lot of cars, in addition to crossover SUVs, the 4×4 drivetrain systems are all-wheel drive (AWD), and not four-wheel drive (4WD) as often found in cars and off-road SUVs.
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Is a 4MATIC all-wheel drive?

4MATIC® is an all-wheel drive system that has a lightweight drivetrain. When your Mercedes-Benz vehicle comes equipped with 4MATIC® all-wheel drive, you’ll experience better traction and smoother handling on Chino roads.
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Is 4×4 and AWD same?

All-Wheel Drive The difference between AWD and 4WD is that AWD is typically always on while you can toggle between having 4WD on and off.4WD is an addition you’ll usually find on a truck, while AWD is more for cars and SUVs.
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